THE JAPANESE SOCIETY OF TOXICOLOGY

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JAPANESE SOCIETY OF TOXICOLOGY -PRESENT AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES-

Tetsuo Satoh, Professor Emeritus, Chiba University

Professor Tetsuo Satoh gave a contribution entitled "JAPANESE SOCIETY OF TOXICOLOGY -PRESENT AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES-“ to the Japanese Society of Toxicology.

PREFACE

Toxicology is the study of the adverse effects of chemical, physical, or biological agents on living organisms and the ecosystem, including the prevention and amelioration of such adverse effects. Toxicology is not only concerned with evaluating the safety of investigational drugs through relevant toxicity testing, it also deals with a very wide range of chemical substances, including food additives, agrochemicals, industrial chemicals, environmental chemicals, metals, cosmetics, and natural substances.
In early 1960, toxicology was created as an independent scientific field apart from other disciplines such as pathology, pharmacology, biochemistry etc. The trigger of formation of science of toxicology was the incidence of thalidomide-induced malformations which occurred in Germany during late 1950’s to early 1960’s.

FOUNDATION OF THE SOCIETY OF TOXICOLOGY IN THE USA

In the years prior to its founding, nine US toxicology experts, who later became the founders of the Society of Toxicology (SOT), met and held a number of long discussions before the Society was established in 1961. As the largest toxicology society in the world, the SOT is a professional and scholarly organization of scientists from academic institutions, government, and industry representing the wide variety of scientists who practice toxicology in the USA and abroad. The SOT, which began with 187 charter members, has grown to more than 7,800 members from more than 60 countries as of 2017.

FOUNDATION OF THE JAPANESE SOCIETY OF TOXICOLOGY

The foundations of the Japanese Society of Toxicology (JSOT) are found in the Toxicology Research Group (TRG) and the Toxic Action Research Group (TARG), which were independently created in 1975 and 1976, respectively. TRG membership consisted of veterinarians, while the TARG was geared towards medical and pharmaceutical researchers. In 1981, the two groups merged and the Japanese Society of Toxicological Sciences (JSTS) was founded as a non-profit scientific group.
From its inception, the aims of the JSTS have been to promote the acquisition and utilization of knowledge in toxicology, and to facilitate the exchange of information among its members as well as among investigators worldwide. The JSTS was renamed the Japanese Society of Toxicology (JSOT) in 1997. In 2014, after a long series of discussions, the decision was made to establish the JSOT as a general incorporated association, and it has since developed into an organization of over 2,600 members.

MISSION

In support of the JSOT mission of advancing health through furthering understanding of and research in toxicology, the Society promotes the following activities:

1) Holding annual meetings
2) Publishing the official journal
3) Educating and certifying toxicologists
4) Conducting scientific and publicity related activities for members and the public
5) Engaging in other programs/projects deemed necessary to support the JSOT mission

MEMBERS

The JSOT has five recognized member categories: General members, Student members, Honorary members, Meritorious members and Supporting members. JSOT membership, which was 943 at the Society’s founding in 1981, had blossomed to 2605 as of November 2017. The Society now consists of 2582 members in Japan and 40 from overseas, making it the second largest toxicology society in the world.

As for the 40 members from around the world, seven are from Korea, 17 are from the USA, and three are from China. In addition, there are two each from France, Canada, the UK, and Switzerland, and one each from Denmark, Germany, Taiwan, Malaysia and the Netherlands. Member affiliations are diverse as well, as of 2016 our affiliates included representatives from industry and contract research organizations (70%), academia (22%), government agencies (6%), and miscellaneous others (2%).

ADMISSION OF TOXICOLOGISTS IN INDUSTRIES TO THE JSOT MEMBERSHIP

During first 10 years following the JSOT formation, most joining society members were from academia such as universities and national institutions. The reason was that the Board of Directors and majority of the Councilors were elected from academia. In the late 1980’s, Japan Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association (JPMA) decided to cooperate with the JSOT activities. From that point, the number of the JSOT members increased rapidly by as numerous industrial toxicologists sought membership. These results clearly showed that the JSOT has come to be embraced by not only members from academia, but also from industries as well.

BOARD OF DIRECTORS, COUNCILORS AND GENERAL MEETING

As of November 21, 2017, the JSOT’s managing structure included 19 Directors, two Auditors, and 291 Councilors. The Board of Directors meets twice a year to draft the action plans of the JSOT. The Council Meeting and the General Meeting are held once a year to discuss the action plans proposed by the Board of Directors.

COMMITTEES

The JSOT has established the following five strategic Committees to accomplish the Society’s activities:
Board of Executive Directors (Board of General Affairs)
Editorial Committee
Educational Committee
Financial Committee
Science and Publicity Committee

Editorial Committee
Publication of the society journals
The official journal “Journal of Toxicological Sciences (JTS)” (online ISSN: 1880-3989; print ISSN: 0388-1350) was launched in 1981 to provide a dedicated forum for invited review articles and peer reviewed original papers. Although the JTS was published bimonthly up to the end 2017, the Editorial Committee has decided the journal will be published monthly online from 2018, and that the printed issue will be discontinued.

In 2014, the Editorial Committee launched a second journal, “Fundamental Toxicological Sciences (Fundam. Toxicol. Sci.)” and put in place a highly efficient Web-based manuscript submission and peer review system.

The JTS has invited distinguished toxicologists from throughout the world to become Associate Editors, International Advisory Board and Editorial Board members. One of the Society’s top strategic priorities is the ongoing development of its journals, and the JSOT is in the process of developing a new look and feel for the journal.

Educational Committee
The main task of Education Committee is to stimulate the advancement of toxicology and improve the quality of toxicologists by sponsoring certification and recertification examinations (for details, see “Accreditation and professional certification program” in the SCIENTIFIC ACTIVITIES below), continuing education courses, and fundamental education courses.

Science and Publicity Committee
The JSOT has provided public education lectures on toxicology at its annual meetings since 1995, and in 2006 the JSOT website was redesigned to include links to other toxicology-related websites. Our website also presents updated information in both Japanese and English for its worldwide membership.

SCIENTIFIC ACTIVITIES

Annual meetings
Scientific meeting of the JSOT have been held annually at appropriate venues on a rotational basis.

Accreditation and professional certification program
A JSOT certification program for toxicologists, based on annual closed book examinations, was launched in 1997, with the content and level of examination questions selected to be comparable to those provided by the American Board of Toxicology. At the first examination of the Diplomate of the JSOT(DJSOT) certification examination in 1999, 148 toxicologists were certified. These 148 certified toxicologists included 47 who passed written examination, and 99 who were “grandfathered” in without written examinations based on their longstanding and significant careers in toxicology.
As of December 31, 2017, 572 toxicologists have been formally approved. Furthermore, as of November 21, 2017, 45 Emeritus Diplomats of the Japanese Society of Toxicologists (EDJSOT) had been certified. Approximately 80% of the Society’s diplomats are from industry, 12% are from academia, and the remaining 8% are from other fields. Diplomats may be recertified every five years provided they remain in active toxicology practice and maintain an expert level of knowledge in general toxicology.

Public education lectures
To promote public education in toxicology, the JSOT organizes public lectures during each annual meeting. Scientific experts are invited to lectures on popular and important topics related to clinical medicine and drug therapy.

JSOT AWARDS

The JSOT presents several awards to the outstanding toxicologists. The names of the recipients of all awards are shown on the JSOT website. The following lists the current awards sponsored by the Society:

The JSOT Award
Distinguished Scholar Award
The JSOT Young Scientist Award
Outstanding Technology Award
Best Paper Award
Pfizer Highly Cited Paper Award
Kitashi Mochiduki Award
JCIA-LRI Award

JSOT PARTICIPATION IN INTERNATIONAL TOXICOLOGY ORGANIZATIONS

International Union of Toxicology (IUTOX)

The purpose of the International Union of Toxicology (IUTOX) is to foster international scientific collaboration among national and other groups of toxicologists and to promote worldwide acquisition, dissemination, and utilization of knowledge related to the science of toxicology, in particular by sponsoring International Congress of Toxicology, for the benefit of mankind.

Prior to the foundation of the IUTOX, the first International Congress of Toxicology (ICT), which is not IUTOX-sponsored, was held in 1977 in Toronto, Canada. At the second congress in Brussels, Belgium in 1980, the IUTOX formation preparation meeting was held, and Dr. Yasuhiko Shirasu (TRG representative, Japan) was invited to attend.

IUTOX was officially founded in 1980. Japan’s TRG, the forerunner of the JSOT, entered into IUTOX membership in 1980. Charter member societies include the Federation of European Toxicologists & European Societies of Toxicology (EUROTOX) as well as societies from the UK, USA, India, Japan, Sweden, Finland, France, and Canada.

The IUTOX-sponsored International Congress of Toxicology (ICT) has been held every three years since 1977. In 1986, the Society hosted the Fourth International Congress of Toxicology (ICT-IV) in Tokyo, Japan (President: Professor Fuminori Sakai). A total of 1,104 participants from 39 different countries attended this event.
Asian Society of Toxicology (ASIATOX)

The roots of the Asian Society of Toxicology (ASIATOX) extend back to a Japan-Korea Joint Symposium on Toxicology organized by the JSOT and the Korean Society of Toxicology (KSOT). This event was held three times between 1987 and 1993: in 1987 in Seoul, Korea; 1990 in Nagoya, Japan; and 1993 in Seoul, Korea.

On June 8, 1994, the founding meeting and the first council meeting of ASIATOX was held at Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan. Participants from each member society totaled 16, including eight from Japan, three from Korea, two each from China and Taiwan, and one from Thailand.

In addition to the JSOT and the KSOT, other founding member societies include the Chinese Society of Toxicology (CSOT), the Thai Society of Toxicology (TST) (formerly the Toxicological Society of Thailand), and the Toxicology Society of Taiwan (TSTA). ASIATOX founding members were joined by the Iranian Society of Toxicology (2012) and the Toxicology Society (Singapore) in 2013. As of January 20, 2015, ASIATOX boasted more than 3,000 members from a variety of industry, academia and regulatory organizations.

The ASIATOX Congresses are spaced three years apart and rotated among member societies, with the first (ASIATOX-I) hosted by JSOT in Yokohama in 1997. A total of 474 participants from 13 countries attended this event. In 2012, the JSOT hosted ASIATOX-VI in Sendai, Japan. This event attracted 522 participants from 17 countries including 327 from Japan, 73 from Korea, 44 from China, 42 from Taiwan, and four each from Thailand and Singapore.

FUTURE VISIONS

The development of toxicology as a recognized scientific discipline has proceeded at a rapid pace over the past 10 years. Its genomic basis, in particular, has been of consequence, and its growth is likely to accelerate in the future. Over the years, JSOT has achieved exceptional success with its meetings, publications, member services, and outreach activities.

The society’s two ongoing missions are the maintenance of a high-quality certification program for toxicologists and considering additional ways to improve the society journals. Concerning certification, the number of JSOT-certified toxicologists has increased every year and the certification program is now well recognized worldwide. Society diplomates receive several benefits such as increased recognition at their workplace.

Another goal is the expansion of this program to include toxicologists in other countries. As for the journals, the JTS editorial team envisions building a publication with increased visibility that will enhance the scientific edge in the field of toxicology. As JTS modernizes, it has developed a highly efficient Web-based manuscript submission. As we move toward the inauguration of our online monthly journal and review system in 2018, we are confident that our systems will facilitate all aspects of manuscript submission, including tracking and communication between authors, reviewers, and editors.

The JSOT will continue to seek collaboration with other organizations with similar aims and activities globally. Toxicology is not only a multidisciplinary science, it is one that deals with a wide variety of problems that are normally taken on by other sciences that do not have specialized knowledge of our area of study.

Ultimately, the mission of the JSOT is to develop an implementation plan that ensures a systematic and efficient expenditure of energies and resources, and that is most closely aligned with a carefully considered strategy for accomplishing its long-range plans.

Biography

Tetsuo Satoh, Ph.D. ATS, EDJSOT

Dr. Tetsuo Satoh began his long and successful career after receiving his MS and Ph.D. degrees from the Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokkaido University in 1963 and 1966, respectively. His first position was as an Assistant Professor at the Research Institute for Chemo-Biodynamics(RICB), Chiba University between 1966 and 1972, after which he served as an Associate Professor (research) (1972-1973) and Visiting Professor(1973-1974) at the University of Chicago Toxicity Laboratory, USA. In 1974, he returned to the RICB in Japan.
Dr. Satoh then became an Associate Professor in the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences at Chiba University between the years of 1975 and 1984, and afterwards spent four years as a Full Professor at Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences. In 1988, he returned to Chiba University as a Full Professor, where he taught until 1996. Dr. Satoh retired from Chiba University in 1996, and became an Emeritus Professor at Chiba University.
Dr. Satoh was a founding Editor-in-Chief of the Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin which is the official journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan. He has been an Associate Editor of a number of journals including Toxicological Sciences(SOT) and Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, both in the USA.
Dr. Satoh’s numerous awards include the Japanese Society for the Study of Xenobiotics (JSSX) Award (1995), the Education Award from the US Society of Toxicology (SOT), the Education Award from the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan (PSJ), and the Merit Award from the International Union of Toxicology (IUTOX). Dr. Satoh became a fellow of the US Academy of Toxicological Sciences (ATS) in 2001. In 2015, he was certified as an Emeritus Diplomat of the Japanese Society of Toxicology (EDJSOT).
Over the years, Dr. Satoh has been elected to numerous national and international societies, including Vice President of the International Union of Toxicology (IUTOX)(1995-2001), Founding Secretary General (1994-2001) and Senior Advisor (2001-present) of the Asian Society of Toxicology (ASIATOX). Dr. Satoh is also an Emeritus/Honorary member of several societies, including American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics (ASCPT), as well as the SOT, JSSX, PSJ, and JSOT.
He has published approximately 400 peer-reviewed original articles and more than 24 review articles and book chapters over the past 50 years.

Toxicology in Asia—Past, present, and future

Tetsuo Satoh

Abstract

The Asian Society of Toxicology (ASIATOX), which consists of the seven national toxicology member societies of Japan, Korea, China, Taiwan, Thailand, Singapore, and Iran, now boasts of more than 3,000 members from a variety of industries, academia, and regulatory organizations. ASIATOX congresses are spaced three years apart and rotated among the member societies. In 1995, ASIATOX joined the International Union of Toxicology (IUTOX) as a regional society, and now serves as the scientific voice of toxicology in Asia under the IUTOX umbrella. Since its inauguration, the society has worked diligently to handle matters deemed essential to promoting the vision set fourth by its founders. Future perspectives of ASIATOX include the establishment of education and training programs, and the certification and accreditation of toxicologists. As the leading voice of toxicology in Asia, the society seeks to extend knowledge of toxicological issues to developing nations in Asia based on the following missions and goals: (1) to provide leadership as a worldwide scientific organization that objectively addresses global issues involving the toxicological sciences, (2) to broaden the geographical base of toxicology as a discipline and profession to all countries of the world, and (3) to pursue capacity building in toxicology, particularly in developing countries, while utilizing its global perspective and network to contribute to the enhancement of toxicology education and the career development of young toxicologists.

Key words:
ASIATOX, toxicology, certification, ASIA, regional society
Corresponding author:
Tetsuo Satoh: Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chiba University, Japan Email: tetsuo.satoh@jcom.zaq.ne.jp

Introduction

For more than 20 years, toxicology development has proceeded at a rapid pace throughout Asia. Advances focusing on the genomic basis of the field, in particular, have had enormous consequences, and growth is likely to accelerate in the future. As a consequence of the previous developments, the professional activities of toxicologists have been generally categorized into three primary fields: descriptive, mechanistic, and regulatory. Yet in all three areas, toxicologists need outstanding education and training to stay at the forefront of their specializations.
Toxicology was first recognized as a scientific discipline in Asia with the formation of the Japanese Society of Toxicological Sciences (JSTS, later renamed the Japanese Society of Toxicology (JSOT)) in 1981, which is a society that promotes knowledge utilization and exchange of information among toxicologists around the world. Following the JSOT, other toxicology societies at the national level were formed in Asia.
Later, the Asian Society of Toxicology (ASIATOX) was founded to promote the acquisition and exchange of knowledge in Asia. ASIATOX is one of several regional member societies of the International Union of Toxicology (IUTOX), which also includes the Federation of European Toxicologists and European Societies of Toxicology (EUROTOX), and the Latin American Society of Toxicology. The history and current conditions of toxicology in Asia are described below.

The Asian Society of Toxicology

ASIATOX was founded on June 8, 1994, and joined IUTOX in 1995.

Origin

The roots of ASIATOX extend back to a Japan–Korea Joint Symposium on Toxicology organized by JSOT and the Korean Society of Toxicology (KSOT). This event was held three times between 1987 and 1993 (Seoul, 1987; Nagoya, 1990; and Seoul, 1993).

Preliminary meeting of the formation of ASIATOX

In 1992, representatives of the JSOT and KSOT met to discuss the formation of ASIATOX at the 6th International Congress of Toxicology (ICT-VI) in Rome, Italy. After long discussions, it was concluded that the formation of ASIATOX was necessary to promote toxicological research and to nurture the education of toxicology specialists in Asia.

Preparatory meeting for the formation of ASIATOX

The ASIATOX preparatory meeting was held in conjunction with the 3rd Japan–Korea joint symposium on November 27, 1993, at the Cultural Center of Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. A total of 15 toxicologists, including six from Korea, seven from Japan, and one each from Taiwan and Singapore, attended the event.

Foundation of the ASIATOX

On June 8, 1994, the founding meeting and the first council meeting of ASIATOX was held in Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan. Participants from each member society totaled 16, including eight from Japan, three from Korea, two each from China and Taiwan, and one from Thailand.

Member societies

In addition to JSOT and KSOT, other founding member societies include the Chinese Society of Toxicology (CSOT), the Thai Society of Toxicology (TST) (formerly Toxicological Society of Thailand), and the Toxicology Society of Taiwan (TSTA). ASIATOX founding members were joined by the Iranian Society of Toxicology (2012) and the Toxicology Society (Singapore) (TSS; 2013). As of January 20, 2015, ASIATOX boasted more than 3000 members from a variety of industry, academia, and regulatory organizations.

The founding ASIATOX executive committee members (1994–1997)

  • President: Tomoji Yanagita (Japan)
  • 1st Vice President: Sang Dai Park (Korea)
  • 2nd Vice President: Jion Lin Zhou (China)
  • Secretary General:Tetsuo Satoh (Japan)
  • Treasurer: Kyu-Hwan Yang (Korea)
  • Auditors: Jen-kun Lin (Taiwan) and Songsak Srianujata (Thailand)


General objectives

Recognizing the value of a multinational organization, ASIATOX will work toward the following objectives:

  • Serve as the scientific voice of toxicology in Asia under the IUTOX umbrella.
  • Provide leadership and a forum for promoting scientific cooperation and information exchange related to toxicology in Asia.
  • Organize triennial international congresses of ASIATOX with the member societies in order to facilitate and encourage scientific exchange and leadership.
  • Enhance opportunities for educational development in toxicology.
  • Facilitate platforms for discussion among regulators, academics, stakeholders, the private sector, and the public at large regarding toxicological issues.
  • Encourage diversity within the toxicological disciplines, and increase the number of member societies within the region.
  • Improve dialogue with member societies and other toxicology societies worldwide.
  • Address leadership as a scientific organization based on a state-of-the-art knowledge in toxicological sciences.
  • Pursue capacity building in toxicology in Asia to contribute to the enhancement of toxicology education and the career development of young toxicologists.

The ASIATOX congresses

ASIATOX congresses have been hosted by member societies on a rotating basis every 3 years.
(See Table 1 for details)

Table 1. ASIATOX congress (1997-2015).


Future perspectives

ASIATOX works to handle matters deemed essential to promoting the vision proposed by its founders.
Future perspectives of the ASIATOX include:

  • recruitment of new member societies
  • establishment of education and training programs
  • certification and accreditation of toxicologists
  • newsletter publication

Toxicological activities of the ASIATOX member societies

Japanese Society of Toxicology
Foundation of the JSOT

The JSTS was founded in 1981 to promote the acquisition and utilization of knowledge in toxicology as well as to facilitate the exchange of information among toxicologists around the world. JSTS was renamed JSOT in 1997.
Mission. In support of the JSOT mission for advancing health through furthering understanding of, and research in, toxicology, the society promotes the following activities:

  • Convening the annual meeting.
  • Publishing the official journal
  • Educating and certifying toxicologists
  • Conducting scientific and publicity related activities for members and the public
  • Engaging in other programs/projects deemed necessary to support the JSOT mission.
Members. JSOT membership, which was 1083 at the society’s founding in March 1982, had blossomed to 2648 as of December 2014, making it the second largest toxicology society in the world. Among its current members are 40 associates from around the world including 15 from Korea, 11 from the United States, 9 from the United Kingdom, 3 from Canada, and 1 each from China and Denmark. Member affiliations are diverse including industry and contract research organizations (70%), academia (22%), government agencies (6%), and others (2%).
National and international meetings. The JSOT scientific meeting is held annually. In 1986, the Society hosted the 4th International Congress of Toxicology (ICT-IV) in Tokyo, Japan, which was attended by 1,104 participants from 39 different countries.
Contrastingly, ASIATOX congresses are spaced 3 years apart, with the first (ASIATOX-I) hosted by JSOT in Yokohama in 1997. This event was attended by 474 participants from 13 countries. In 2012, JSOT hosted ASIATOX-VI in Sendai. This event attracted 522 participants from 17 countries including 327 from Japan, 73 from Korea, 44 from China, 42 from Taiwan, and 4 each from Thailand and Singapore.
Publication of the society journals. The official journal Journal of Toxicological Sciences (JTS; J. Toxicol Sci.) was launched in 1981 to provide a dedicated forum for invited review articles and peer reviewed original papers. In 2014, a second journal, “Fundamental Toxicological Sciences (Fund. Tox. Sci.) was launched, and the editorial committee has put in place a highly efficient Web-based manuscript submission and peer review system.
Accreditation and professional certification program. A JSOT certification program for toxicologists, based on annual closed book examinations, was launched in 1997, with the content and level of examination questions selected to be comparable with those provided by the American Board of Toxicology. At the first certification examination for Diplomat of the Japanese Society of Toxicology in 1999, 148 toxicologists were certified. As of June 2014, 454 toxicologists have been formally approved. Approximately 80% of the society’s diplomats are from industry, 12% from academia, and 8% from other fields. Diplomats may be recertified every 5 years provided they remain in active toxicology practice and maintain an expert level of knowledge in general toxicology.
Conclusion and future perspectives. Over the years, JSOT has achieved exceptional success with its meetings, publications, member services, and outreach activities. The society’s two ongoing missions are maintaining the high-quality certification program for toxicologists and considering ways to improve the society journals.
Concerning certification, the number of JSOT-certified toxicologists has increased every year since its inauguration, and the certification program is now well recognized worldwide. Another goal of the program is to expand it to toxicologists in other countries. As for the journal, the JTS editorial team envisions building a publication with increased visibility, and which enhances the scientific edge in the field of toxicology.
Ultimately, the mission of JSOT is to develop an implementation plan that ensures a systematic and efficient expenditure of energies and resources, and that is most closely aligned with a carefully considered strategy for accomplishing its long-range plans.
Korean Society of Toxicology

KSOT and the Korea Environmental Mutagen Society are academic societies in the field of toxicology that were established to more efficiently meet social needs regarding these areas. KSOT, which was founded in 1985, has grown to a membership of 1400 as of March 2015. The aims of the society are to promote the academic development of toxicology and relevant disciplines and to contribute to the further advancement of toxicology by enhancing academic ties at home and abroad. To facilitate this, the society engages in the activities discussed below.
Publication. KSOT’s official journal, the Korean Journal of Toxicology was launched in 1985, and then renamed Toxicological Research (ToxRes) in 1997. Articles published in this journal are indexed in Scopus of Elsevier and PubMed Central, as well as other major scientific databases including Google Scholar. ToxRes is published quarterly.
Scientific conferences. The KSOT has organized scientific meeting annually to promote academic exchanges with relevant national and international societies and organizations. Each year, the society sponsors and conducts a variety of education and training programs aimed at nurturing young toxicologists.
Certification of toxicologists through training and tests. The KSOT diplomat system, which was established in 1999, conducts yearly certification examinations every October. As of March 2015, the society was represented by 70 diplomats, 47 in industry and 23 in academia.
Chinese Society of Toxicology

Founded in December 1993, the CSOT is a registered Science and Technology Association dedicated to toxicology and its related fields. CSOT is a member society of the China Association for Science and Technology, IUTOX, and ASIATOX. The Society is committed to improving human health and environmental safety by hosting scientific conferences and information exchanges, promoting continuing education and professional training, facilitating international collaboration, and providing advisory services to governmental agencies and society. Currently, the CSOT has developed into a large professional society with 24 specialty sections, provincial chapters, and several thousand members. The Society organizes its National Congress of Toxicology every 2 years, and numerous conferences and workshops are conducted yearly in China by the various sections and chapters. Each year, CSOT delegations are sent to attend Society of Toxicology, EUROTOX, ASIATOX, IUTOX, and other international conferences.
The CSOT established its Toxicologist Certification program in 2009 after several years’ preparation and commenced recertifications in 2013. The program includes prequalification on education and professional experience for eligibility, and a written examination on general toxicology. As of March 2015, the CSOT had certified 167 members as diplomat toxicologists (DCST), 62 of whom have been recertified in the last 2 years.
Thai Society of Toxicology

The TST was founded in 1983 by a group of toxicologists and related scientists. The Society elected Dr Sompoon Kritalak its first president in 1984, and five other individuals have held office up to the present day. The current president is Dr. Songsak Srianujata, who has been reelected three times and has now served a total of 11 years. Presidential elections are held every 2 years.
Dr Malyn Chulsiri is TST Vice President. Dr Chaniphun Butryee serves as the Secretary General, and Dr Anong Bintavihok is the treasurer.
The present (2014–2016) TST Executive Committee consists of 18 members. The society is a founding member of the Council of Science and Technology Associations of Thailand (COSTAT) and ASIATOX as well as being a long-standing member of IUTOX. Dr Songsak also served as president of COSTAT for 8 years (four terms in office) and as ASIATOX president for 3 years.
Major activities of the TST are discussed subsequently.
National and international meetings. Organizing the annual National Conference of Toxicology (NCT). Hosting the international conferences, such as the 3rd ASIATOX and the 8th International Conference of Toxicology in Developing Countries (CTDC8) under the auspices of IUTOX.
Participation in governmental activities and public. Participating in national government committees and subcommittees concerning the management of the safety of chemicals, hazardous substances, food, and drug control.
Participating in study projects on environmental safety and public health issues.
Education and training program. Organizing periodic training programs aimed at spreading knowledge and understanding about toxicology matters among society members, specific groups, and the general public.
Toxicology Society of Taiwan

The TSTA, which was founded in 1985 by a group of toxicologists led by Dr Chen-Yuan Lee, registered with the nation’s Ministry of the Interior on June 20, 1987. Dr. Lee became the first president of TSTA and was succeeded by Dr Jen-Kun Lin, Dr Jou-Fang Deng, Dr Tzuu-Huei Ueng, Dr Tsung-Yun Liu, Dr Huei Lee, and Dr Min-Liang Kuo. The current president is Dr. Jaw-Jou Kang.
TSTA became a member of ASIATOX in 1997 and has been actively participating in various related activities since then, including serving as the host organization of the 5th International Congress of ASIATOX at the Taipei Veterans General Hospital in September 2009. In addition to ASIATOX, TSTA joined IUTOX in 1987 and has regularly hosted the biennial cross-strait meetings between TSTA and CSOT.
To comply with the international harmonization of the certification/registration of toxicologists worldwide, an effort led by IUTOX, TSTA has recently established a board certification program for Diplomat of Certified Toxicologist (DTSTA). The first board certification exam was held at Kaohsiung Medical University on June 28, 2014. Among the 10 examinees, Dr Hsio-Mei Chiang, Dr Pinpin Lin, and Dr Hwei-Hsien Chen successfully passed and were awarded the title of DTSTA. The 2nd exam is scheduled to be held at Kaohsiung Medical University on July 4, 2015, and it is expected that more toxicologists in Taiwan will become DTSTAs.
Toxicology Society (Singapore)

The TSS, was founded in February 2011 by a diverse group of toxicologists from various backgrounds. Since then, more toxicologists, especially those engaged in regulatory and experimental toxicology have joined the Society. TSS, which is the first society of its kind in Singapore, is comprised of members from multidisciplinary backgrounds including physicians, pharmacists, scientists, and academics with an interest in developing and advancing toxicology. These numerous specialists have consolidated their resources and experience in the society in order to help elevate the status of this neglected but crucial discipline, with the overall aim of contributing to chemical safety in Singapore.
Iranian Society of Toxicology

The Iranian Society of Toxicology (IranTox) was established in 1990 by a group of pioneer Iranian toxicologists. The Society’s first president was Professor Mahdi Balali-Mood. He was succeeded by the late Professor Mahshid Afshar, Professor Abdolkarim Pajoumand, Professor Mohammad Abdollahi, and the Society’s current president is Professor Omid Sabzevari.
IranTox became an IUTOX member in 2001 and joined ASIATOX in 2011. The Society is actively involved in various activities including the organization of national and international Congresses, advancement of toxicology, and poisoning-related studies, investigations into the health impacts of poisons and chemicals, and providing advice to authorities at the national and international levels. The Iranian Journal of Toxicology, which is the official journal of the society, was launched in 2008 and is published quarterly.
Courses in basic and clinical toxicology in the nation’s major universities and the National Board of Toxicology were founded and administered by the IranTox members. This includes the toxicology PhD program that was founded in 1989 and the fellowship in clinical toxicology founded in 2008. Since the establishment of these courses, more than 100 diplomats have been certified. Examinations are held every year. Currently, IranTox consists of about 150 certified toxicologists in academia and industries.

Conclusions and future perspectives

As the voice of toxicology in Asia, ASIATOX seeks to extend knowledge of toxicological issues to developing societies and nations in Asia based on the following mission and goals;

  • to provide leadership as a worldwide scientific organization that objectively addresses global issues involving the toxicological sciences;
  • to broaden the geographical base of toxicology as a discipline and a profession to all countries of the world; and
  • to pursue capacity building in toxicology, particularly in developing countries, and to utilize its global perspective and network to contribute to the enhancement of toxicology education and the career development of young toxicologists.

Acknowledgment

The author gratefully acknowledge the presidents of the ASIATOX member societies for providing their valuable information of the society.

(Citation: T. Satoh: Human & Experimental TOXICOLOGY 34(12)1291-1296(2015))

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